I dedicate this post to anyone on YouTube who has ever asked me to send them the datasheet or reference manual. Please make an effort and Google it , I promise you will find it. But if you dont then here they are.
As the years pass I notice STMicroelectronics has changed how they handle the documentation for their products. For example in the older STM32F1 series reference manual (RM) there is no talk about the FLASH registers and instead the RM tells you to seek out the Programmers Manual (PM). While the new G0 series has the FLASH registers fully documented in its RM.
So here is a list of documentation every STM programmer should have.
The Reference Manual
Denoted as RMxxxx where x is some number, for example STM32F1 is RM0008 This is by far the most important document in your arsenal and the one you will visit the most. It defines all peripheral registers as well as their respective bits. The RM also highlights different operation modes for your device and its peripherals. Provides an overview of the system architecture and gives you an overview of the memory map. If for some reason you where writing and defining each register by hand instead of using the vendor header files this document would be your friend since it provides the address and offsets for all your peripherals. It also provides the reset values for all these registers, sometimes however that must be taken with a grain of salt and its best to reset registers to a known value yourself. Also some newer RM like the L0 have actual C code that does basic programming of ALL the peripherals, so no more googling how to setup UART its all in the manual just copy and paste the code. They will make my blog obsolete :(
The Programmers Manual
This document can come in 2 flavors and is often called "Programming Manual" For example for the STM32F1 the PM0056 is the Cortex-M3 Programming Manual and PM0068 is the Flash Programming Manual. Truth be told you need them both!
The M3 Manual will provide you with the following:
Memory Protection Unit (MPU)
Nested vectored interrupt controller (NVIC)
System control block (SCB)
SysTick timer (STK)
The Flash programming manual will provide you with the following:
Read operation description
Flash Program and Erase Controller (FPEC)
Protections schemes for read and write
Option byte descriptions
Complete FLASH registers description
The reference manual is often called the datasheet but in STM's naming convention they are two different documents. The datasheet is 118 pages while the reference manual is 1132 , so yes.. two very different documents. The datasheet offers a highlight of the products features and capabilities. This document is helpful when designing a PCB that uses the specific microcontroller. It gives recommended layout for things like NRST pin , ADC pins etc...
Datasheet provides the following:
General description, operating voltage, temp max and use cases
Device overview covering available peripherals in different packages/pin outs
Compatibility references among products of the same family
Pin out and pin descriptions
Memory Map , more detailed.
Package information, for modeling PCB footprints
Full breakdown the part number naming conventions
HAL and LL driver API Manual
For example document UM1850 describes CUBE HAL as well as LL drivers for the STM32F1 , this is your go to document to figure out what functions are available in your abstraction layer of choice. It gives a detailed overview of the functions and available accepted parameters to those functions in the form of defines or typedefs etc...
Hardware Design Reference
This is a good document to have if you are eventually going to turn your bluepill into a standalone design with its own PCB, link here. This document as the name implies gives some details about how to connect an external clock source, how to connect the boot pins , reset, jtag etc...
Evaluation Board Schematics
If you are using a Nucleo or Discovery board you obviously need the schematics for it.It shows you what pins the buttons are tied to. Are the LEDs active high or low? What are all the solder bridges for? etc... Cant link it for the F1 because it is a zip file.
The last document you need is a good resume because you'll one day a microcontroller programming master!